Monday, June 20, 2005

Draskovic: Independent Kosovo – cancer for Serbia and Balkans

Koha Ditore carries an interview that Foreign Minister of Serbia and Montenegro Vuk Draskovic gave to Beta News Agency.

Draskovic said during the interview that an independent Kosovo would be a cancer for Serbia and the Balkans and reiterated the stance that Belgrade is offering Kosovo something ‘more than autonomy less than independence’.

‘An independent Kosovo would be economically isolated from Serbia and would not have any chance of surviving economically, so it would soon turn into a place of social riots and blood feuds among Albanians themselves’, Draskovic said.

To support his belief that Brussels, Washington and New York will accept ‘Belgrade’s compromise’, Draskovic underlined that independence in Kosovo, against the will of Serbia, would imply that NATO did not bomb Serbia and Montenegro to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe, but to ‘break an internationally recognized State and create another independent state within it’. It would be a most grievous violation of the UN Charter, he stressed.

25 comments:

Anonymous said...

Draskovic underlined that independence in Kosovo, would imply that NATO did not bomb Serbia and Montenegro to prevent a humanitarian catastrophe, but to,,, ’. It would be a most grievous violation of the UN Charter, he stressed. Well a dumb ass,, like he forgot how many times serbija violated the chapters of UN wake up drashko

Anonymous said...

I guess that since Serbia violated the UN charter, that excuses the United States and NATO for violating it as well. Good reasoning.

Anonymous said...

Every day Serbs come with a lamer excuse than the previous days. There is no reason to believ that Serbs would not start a genocide again. After all a poll today showed that the radicals lead all other political parties. Imagine the NAZI's leading the polls in post war Germany. Therefore Kosova's independence is the only solution.

Anonymous said...

What a confused person!!! No wonder the serbs are going downhill!!! Come one guys wake up get some proper leaders to lead you......

Chris Blaku said...

The cancer of the Balkans is Serbia. Its arrogance, as displayed in Draskovic's comments has lead to nearly a million corpses, mainly civilians, millions raped, and the displacement of millions more.

There are two points that must be made with regard to this much publicized Serb ideology that Albanians are incapable of self-governance. First and foremost, the nation of Albania (governed by Albanians), has been recognized since 1913 by the international community. Even during Stanilist isolation, Albania never posed an aggressive threat to any of its neighbors, and has not done so in nearly two decades of democratic rule. Furthermore, Albania is not a "place of social riots and blood fueds among Albanians," as Draskovic claims Kosova would become, but rather a flourishing democratic state that respects rule of law, and even enjoys American support due to its stance on the War on Terror.

The fact of the matter is, Kosova was never economically dependent on Serbia, but rather the other way around. This is a historic fact, dating back to the Serbian Nemandji dynasty, which began the full scale exploitation of Kosova's mines. In modern times, Kosova's mines and resources were responsible for a majority of Serbia's, especially Belgrade's, growth. The city of Belgrade, and to an extent, all major parts of the former Yugoslavia, were financed during Tito's reign in large part with revenues derived from the exploitation of Kosova's natural resources. This is an old song that has been sung by many generations, however, the truth should be told.

The independence of Kosova will stabilize the region, and provide for a hedge to the aggressive psyche of Serbian "moderates." Rather than become the anti-American, anti-Sematic culture that Serbia and Greece have developed into, Kosova will follow the example of their kin in Albania in developing a tolerant multi-religious, and multi-ethnic democracy based on the rule of law, cooperation with the United States and European Union, and the advance of democracy, which the Albanians in Kosova discovered before the "civilized" Serbs in Belgrade.

Martyr said...

call us arrogent, u dumb peicees of barbaric shit, but your arrogent times 5000. Whatever you getm you want more more more, my maceodnian friend fled from u faggots


CANCER=TOO MUCH LIFE

ALBANIAN BIRTH RATE=HIGHEST IN EUROPE

suck on that

Anonymous said...

Martyr u're a confused piece of shit. You call us fags and yet you say we have the highest birthrate in the area. Meanwhile your birthrate is bellow repalacement levels, old and decaying. Simply by analyzing these facts you come to the conclusion that Serbs are faggots and impotents. These are the causes why the Serbs are getting smallere in number and its popullation is decaying and dying. Again you are fags and impotents.

Anonymous said...

Martyr,
You heart is going to let go !Hehehe
Chill.
You are so naive. I feel sorry for your mom (that is if you do have one)...
Hey guys i bet you this was bullied at school :(
Let him in his own world of psycho

hehe

It feels good to feel you angry. You deserve it you analphabetic Nazi=Serbian thug. No going back for you to Croatia or Kosova (you were a refuge there right)

Anonymous said...

hehehe

Dont these fucks realize that its in their best interest to just let us go.

They tried to change the region's demographic but couldnt cuz their a bunch of liberal panzies who make 1 kid for every couple. On the other hand we make 4+.

before they would realize we would have been the majority and being that we are Albanians and stick together we would eat up that little piece of shit nation you call greater serbia.

Chris Blaku said...

Their idea of Greater Serbia is modeled after Stefan Dusan's empire which ended upon his death in 1355. It lasted a few decades, and upon his death, it only took the war-hungry Serbians 9 years to destroy it.

By the way martyr- spell check please. And please, keep on posting, you're the perfect example for the world to model their opinions on Serbian aggression and arrogance. Keep up the good work.

Anonymous said...

Guys, I don't think this is Martyr that used to type here.

First of all he used to spell his name MARTyr, while this one is Martyr.

Besides, the imposter seems illiterate, he can hardly spell a word. He swears all the time and seem very confused. Even more than the former Martyr.

Or maybe still this is Martyrs other personality... who knows

Tosi
Sweden

Anonymous said...

Chris Blaku--you're a poet, a scholar, and a prophet. I applaud your brilliance.

Chris Blaku said...

I don't feel I deserve all that praise, I am just doing what I can to further the cause of our people, which is the very least I can do. Your kind words are appreciated, thank you.

Anonymous said...

SErbs are shit people

we will kick you ass like hitler did in world war 2 and make kosovo part of albania.

greater albania!!!

Anonymous said...

Sali Berisha - a former President of Albania - talks ominously about an "Albanian Federation". The younger, allegedly more urbane Pandeli Majko, the current Prime Minister of Albania, raises the idea (?) of a uniform curriculum for all Albanian pupils and students, wherever they may reside. Albanians in Macedonia make it a point to fly Albanian flags conspicuously and of every occasion. This could have well been a plausible scenario had it not been for two facts. First, that there is no such thing as homogeneous "Albanians" and second that Great Albania is without historical precedent.Albanians are comprised of a few ethnic groups of different creeds. There are catholic Albanians - like Mother Theresa - and Muslim Albanians - Like Hashim Thaci. There are Tosks - southern Albanians who speak a (nasal) dialect of Albanian and there are Gegs - northern Albanians (and Kosovars) who speak another dialect which has little in common with Tosk (at least to my ears). Tosks don't like Gegs and Gegs detest Tosks. In a region where tribal and village loyalties predominate these are pertinent and important facts.The Kosovars are considered by their Albanian "brethren" (especially by the Tosks, but also by Albanian Gegs) to be cold, unpleasant, filthy rich cheats. Albanians - Tosks and Gegs alike - are considered by the Kosovars to be primitive, ill mannered bandits. There is no love lost between all these groups. When the crisis brought on by Operation Allied Force started, the local Albanian population charged the refugees amidst them with exorbitant (not to say extortionate) prices for such necessities as a roof over their head, food and cigarettes. When the UN mandate (read: the KLA mandate) was established, the Albanians rushed to export their brand of crime and banditry to Kosovo and to prey on its local population. No Macedonian - however radical - will dare say about the Albanians what my Kosovar contacts say. They non-chalantly and matter of factly attribute to them the most heinous crimes and uncivilized behaviour. Kosovars had - and are still having - an excruciating experience in Albania during this crisis. The lesson (being learned by Kosovars since Albania opened up to them in 1990) will not be easily forgotten or forgiven. Albanians reciprocate by portraying the Kosovars as cynical, inhuman, money making terminators, emotionless wealthy predators.This is not to say that Albanians on both sides of the border do not share the same national dreams and aspirations. Kosovar intellectuals were watching Albanian TV and reading Albanian papers even throughout the Stalinist period of Enver Hoxha, the long time Albanian dictator. Albanian nationalists never ceased regarding Kosovo as an integral part of an Albanian motherland. Albania was created in 1912 (its borders finally settled in 1913) in response to Austro-Hungarian demands. It never encouraged Kosovo to secede. The Albanian King Zog suppressed the activities of Kosovar irredentist movements in his country in between the two world wars.
In 1878, at the end of May and at the beginning of June (according to the old calendar), over 300 delegates gathered at a great session in Prizren from all parts where Albanians lived. It was decided that independent, ethnically clean Albanian state should be founded. The state should encompass all "Albanian territories". It was planned as a unique body composed of four regions (principalities):

The first region should be composed of southern Albania and Epir (Janjina);

The second region should be composed of northern and central Albania (Skadar, Tirana and Elbasa);

The third region should be composed of parts of Macedonia (Skopje, Debar, Gostivar, Prilep, Veles, Bitolj and Ohrid);

The fourth region should be composed of Kosovo with parts of southern Serbia and Macedonia (Pec, Djakovica, Prizren, Novi Pazar, Mitrovica, Sjenica, Pristina, Gnjilane, Presevo and Kumanovo).

This is the essence of the concept of "Great Albania" which means trespass of Slavic and Greek territories where Albanians are national minority. They settled those territories and persecuted local people in most cases due to a special status in the Turkish Empire.
The concept of a greater Albanian state did not appear as an authentic expression of the Albanian national movement. Until the beginning of the Great Eastern Crisis (1875-1878), Albanians, unlike other Balkan nations – Serbs, Greeks, Bulgarians, Rumanians – did not attempt to create a national state through modern political organization. A regional and religious identity was dominant among the Albanians.
The main power of the expansionist Albanian movement came from Muslim Albanians. With the exception of isolated examples of cultural efforts among the Albanians, mostly those in Diaspora (Istanbul, Egypt, South Italy), Albanian Muslims were the iron fist of the Ottoman Empire in its efforts to suppress the Christian movement in South Eastern Europe. With their patriarchal-oriental society of Asian type, they constituted the main obstacle to Europeanization of this part of Europe in the 19th and 20th century. Exceptions to this were an insignificant catholic minority in the north of Albania, mainly in the region of Skadar, and the more numerous orthodox community in the south of Albania, which was strongly influenced by the Greek cultural orbit.
All attempts by Balkan Christians to win over the Albanians to the common struggle against the Ottoman Empire and for the aim of national liberation and modernization of their societies were fruitless. At the beginning of the Great Eastern Crisis Albanians were at the forefront of the Turkish regular, and particularly irregular troops (bashibozuk) and committed numerous atrocities in battles against the Christian rebels. During the crisis the Albanians did not join the liberation movements of the Balkan Christians in any way.
It is completely clear that the birth of the Albanian league in 1878 and its political program were not an expression of Albanian original liberation efforts, which anyhow were late in coming compared to other peoples. The league was an instrument, primarily in Turkish hands, and later in the hands of other powers, for the preservation of the Ottoman Empire. The Albanian central revolutionary committee (Abdul Frasheri, Pashko Vaso, Sami Frasheri, Zija Prishtina, Jani Vreto and others) was founded in April 1878 in Istanbul and its was to organize Albanian popular resistance to the liberation actions in Montenegro, Serbia and Greece.
The Greater Albanian political concept in its original and authentic program was totally imbued with the spirit of pan-Islamism and radical political Islam. Only from time to time did the Albanian political elite try to hide the distinctive Islamic feature of the foundations of their ideology, usually prompted by a desire to secure the support of some Western power. A militant from of Islam prevailed in Old Serbia, primarily in Kosovo and Metohija, as well as in the regions of today’s Western Macedonia, brought by the Albanian population from the mountainous parts of North Albania who forcefully descended into the gentle and fertile parts of this region. The forceful intrusions followed by centuries-long Muslim violence against the local Christians are today insistently presented as alleged repression of Albanians by local Christians.
In the European literature it is well known that the regions of today’s Middle Albania constitute the original centers of Albanian population. A distinguished German Albanologist, Georg Stadtmuller points out that the original regions of Albanian settlement encompass the valley of the river Shkumba, both sides of the river Mat, Kroja and some other neighboring parts4. The history of the Albanians and the Albanian society is far more complex than is usually presented today. This is true not only of the region of today’s Albania but also of the neighboring countries in which Albanians live as national minorities. Their religious heterogeneity and a distinctive tribal identity have always been a permanent source of internal conflict which result in the chronic instability of this country. This “unstable” condition of the young state threatens primarily non-Albanian people in Albania itself, but also in the neighborhood. We must not overlook the fact that in the territory of today’s Albania large Slav settlements have existed for centuries and that Slav toponymisc have been largely preserved up to the present day. In recent time, from the creation of the first Albanian state in 1912, and especially during the rule of the Albanian communist dictator Enver Hoja, a large part of non-Albanian, particularly Slav population, excluding Greeks, were assimilated by the most brutal means of state repression.
The Greater Albania project is directly connected with the consequences of the Turkish conquests in South Eastern Europe, and especially with the wars of European Christian powers against Turkey towards the end of the 17th century. It has remained, in a sense, as a long reaching hand of the Ottoman spirit in Europe, as a vehicle of that kind of life, customs and mentalities which were characteristic for the territory of the South Eastern Europe at the time of Ottoman rule. The Christian population of the European Turkey, primarily of Old Serbia and the northern part of Macedonia, joined the struggle of the European powers after the siege of Vienna en-mass (1683) to oust the Turks from Europe. After the defeat of the Europeans (1690) as a reprisal this population was subjected to massive atrocities and, in essence, the first major ethnic cleansing. Turkish destructive military campaigns allowed the overflow of Albanian people from their original regions into the countries of their neighbors, both Slavs and Greeks. It was not before the 18th century that masses of Albanian stock breeders from the hilly regions of their country started descending into the fertile lands of Kosovo and Metohija populated by orthodox Serbs in overwhelming majority, as well as into the regions of today’s western Macedonia, form Skoplje to Bitolj populated by undoubtedly Serbian and Macedonian Slav population.
Besides the massive and almost regular atrocities which characterized this conquest of Old Serbia, there were also numerous other ways in which the compact Serbian ethnic body was broken up (forced Islamisization, different forms of robbery, plunder, destruction of religious sites, and many other forms of terror). This is testified to by many travel writers, and particularly Roman missionaries and visitors. These processes were convincingly described in, among numerous other Vatican sources, the report of the archbishop of Skoplje Matija Masarek in 1764. The archbishop reports on fresh colonies of Arbanas who had left their hills and settled in the gentle region of Metohija, in the vicinity of Djakovica. These Arbanas, new comers in Serbia, wrote archbishop Masarek, did not obey the orders of Christ’s Apostles, but quickly converted to Islam pushing out the orthodox and catholic population from their villages and taking over their lands (“maledetti Albanesi, I quali per forya si soo impadroniti di quasi tutti li terreni scismatici e cattolici serviani”)
A similar process went on in the Albanian-Greek boundary regions. Albanian migration under the Turks went towards Greek lands, particularly Epir. With the strengthening of the Greek liberation movement Turkey used Muslim Albanians to secure the rule over the largest possible parts of Epir and Thesalia. The Greater Albania ideology explained it thus: “From the banks of the river Bojana up to Janjina lives a unified and homogenous people. From Janjina to the gulf of Ambracia is the terrain which Greek religious and other propaganda denies to the Albanians who prevail there, if not in number, then in strength and power to resist”.
That Kosovo and Metohija, of which Albanian authors often speak as “Albanian land” were irrefutably the central regions of Serbian settlement, is testified to by the fact that the most important monuments of Serbian architecture and Serbian spirituality were erected there. In Kosovo and Metohija alone 1,400 monasteries, churches and other Serbian monuments were built. The most famous among them are the Patriarchy church in Pec, monasteries Banjska, Gracanica, Decani, St. Archangel near Prizren, Bogorodica Ljeviska in Prizren etc. A logical question can be asked: why would Serbs erect their central church, the Patriarchy in Pec, in the region where they were not in majority and which was not the central point of their people’s homeland?
The greatest changes in ethnic structure of the population of this part of Old Serbia occurred from the middle of the 18th up to the middle of the 19th century, and from the Berlin congress in 1878 up to the liberation of these regions from Turkish rule in 1912. They were basically a consequence of the conflict between the Islamic Ottoman-feudal concept on the one hand, and the European Christian concept of society on the other hand. Samuel Huntington is quite right when he defines similar processes today as “conflicts of civilization”. Kosovo and Metohija may be the most convincing example of such a conflict today, bearing in mind that the radical Islamic features of the Albanian secessionist movement are quite skillfully masked by European phraseology and European symbols.
Numerous foreign authors testify to the ethnic, political and religious circumstances in these regions. These are the works of Ami Bue, Joseph Muller, Johan Georg von Han, Ivan Stepanovich Jastrebov, Aleksandar Giljferding, Viktor Berar, Gaston Gravier and others. For example, Joseph Muller reports the data from 1838 about the religious and linguistic structure of the population in Metohija – in Pec, Prizren and Djakovica; in Pec, orthodox and Muslim Serbs were in a majority (92.09%) in relation to the catholic and Muslim Albanians (4.17%). In Prizren the percentage of Serbs, Muslim and Christian, from the total population (24.950) amounted to 73.68, whereas the percentage of Albanians, Muslim and catholic, amounted to 16.63%. Only Djakovica had a clear Albanian majority – the percentage of the Albanians, Muslim and catholic, amounted to 80.76%, whereas the percentage of Serbs, Christian and Muslim, amounted to 18.05%
The facts that Prizren, a town in Old Serbia, and on the outskirts of the Albanian ethnic region was chosen as the place for the session of the Albanian league in 1878 testifies to the extremely expansionist nature of Albanian aims. That is exactly were it was necessary to create a strong obstacle to further strengthening of the Serbian liberation movement in Old Serbia. And it was not a coincidence that the session of the Albanian League was not held in Albania, say in Drac, Valona, Tirana or some other town. From the time of the Great Eastern Crisis (1875-1878) the neighboring regions of Albania such as Kosovo, Metohija, today’s western Slav Macedonia and northern Epir, were Albanians had massively settled, mainly in the 18th and 19th century, started being referred to as “Albanian lands”. So the Albanian league, created on the eve of the Berlin Congress, took it upon itself to prevent the liberation of the “Albanian lands” from the neighboring peoples. The Leagues`s documents reveal the essence of the movement. The sessions were held in a Prizren mosque, and the special feature of the Statute (Kararname) was Islam. Albania and Albanians were not explicitly mentioned in any of the 16 articles of the Statute, but instead they speak in general terms of “nation and motherland”, “country”, “our land”, “Balkan country”, “in the Balkans” and similar. The political subjects of the Union (League) are simply Muslims; the article 7 talks of the need for the Union with “our long-suffering fellow countrymen and members of the same faith in the Balkans”, and the last 16th article qualifies the abandonment of the Union as the abandonment “of Islam”.7 It is also telling that Muslim land owners from Raska, and even Bosnia and Herzegovina were present at this meeting.
Basically the same ideas served as a foundation program for the so called Pec league in 1899 and so called second Prizren league in 1943. After the Turks were ousted from Europe in 1912, and after the formation of an independent Albanian state, the programme`s aims were clearly adapted somewhat to the new political circumstances and new protecting powers. The insistence on a totally pure ethnic Albanian state is typical for the conceptual program of Greater Albania, as is the rejection of any multi-ethnic concept. In accordance with such a program, the organized ethnic cleansing of non-Albanian population from the regions which were proclaimed as “Albanian lands” started right after the Berlin congress. During the period from 1876 to 1912 around 150,000 orthodox Serbs were forced to leave Old Serbia, that is the then Kosovo vilajet.8 We find similar ideas in Ismail Kemal Bey Vlora, the president of the first Albanian interim government. As the government president he demanded that the great powers cleanse “Albanian lend” of Slavs and Greeks.9 He also praised Albanians for having ousted “Christian Slavs”with their guns and violence.

Mirjana

Anonymous said...

Damn girl, i was readin your shit, but half way realised what a twisted bunch of propaganda you got goin on there on the history of events. Obviously i can find several source that can completly contradict what you have posted!

I just wanted to mention a few points, I am from Kosovo and lived in albania for 3 years 92-95 and sure i was ridiculed by my own people, callin me names and shit, but that was just for the first month or so. Obviously they were jeleous of us having more money since we enjoyed a bit more freedom than they did during the comunist era. And under Hoxha's communism the freedome of movement did not exist, so therefore it is inevitable for two distant reagions fo the same populus to have different dialects and ideals and even grow some form of rivalry between each other. Think of america with the yanks and the dirty south!

Note that albania suffered a major economic collaps in 97 and sure times were rough still in 99 hence just like every other population in the world, rough economic times do produce a few bad apples here and there that did charge their own bretherin for a roof over their head, but seriously dont blow this shit out of proportion cuz thats just bs. We are a humble group of folk that do live in peace with people (let them be of different religion or nation), but when you have three fuckin neighbors that keep eatin your territory and oppress your people you have every reason to become pissed off. Albania was the only nation that protected the jews during the nazi occupation, even though we joind forces with them, but you cant blame people for teamin up with a nation that promises liberation for your people, although be it they were the bad guys.

As for the territory issue, Albanians who just happen to be the direct descendants of illirians (sure you disagree with it, but face it we are!) have occupied the western part of the balkans since the greeks been playin nude wrestling in athens. So dont give us this mumbo jumbo about slavs being here first.

You can take it any way you want, but the fact is we were persecuted, by the serbs, plain and simple. I can attest to it because i have witnessed it myself. Same thing goes for macedonia, we were denied schools and any many other forms of freedoms that other minorities enjoy in "civilized nations". And the sam e goes for albanians who live in greece who were forcefully assymilated due to denial of schools and so on.

As for religion, in todays albania there is no such persecution going. Yes shit may have happend in the disntant past, but look at serbs for gods sake. Killin inocent children and women in cold blood as recently as six years ago and bosnians as recently as 10 years and for what cuz we just so happen to be mostly muslims.

Suck it up bitch, you'r people are the barbaric and ruthless people in todays world, and their aint shit you can do about it, its the cold hard fact. The whole world knows it but their too scared to say shit cuz they feel some sort of sympathy since you aint muslims, and there happens to be a great deal of prejudism against muslim these days.

Take a look at turkey. Their tryin to join the eu so badly and they wont even look at them, instead they are tryin to include bulgaria and romania in the expansion even though their economies are shit and turkeys is way better. Did you know turkey's per capital gdp is equal to that of croatia? but it doesnt matter, their affraid of muslims.

Anonymous said...

I just read the first sentence of the blogger called Mirjana and was able to understand that she is an Albanophobe. I have an added sense, I can spot an Albanophobe quite easily.

Chris Blaku said...

Mirjana is very well educated in scope and detail with the teachings of Serbian and Greek scholars. It is imperative to note the ferocity of her demented sense of history, which is aggressively applied to common events and practices which have proven to be true in another sense. Her convenient ommission of certain facts, which according to the level of her knowledge, she knows in fact to exist is overwhelmingly obvious evidence of her strong bias towards her people, understandable.

I will respond with a post to contradict every statement she's made and right the wrongs presented by her, later on in the day.

Chris Blaku said...

And that person that responded to her sounds like an idiot, this isn't a rap forum blogger, try to sound professional.

Anonymous said...

Albanians are descendants of the Illyrians, the tribes of Dardans (Kosovars) were the trunk of the Illyrians - the Dardans, whose descendant is the today's Albanians in Kosova.

In the Serbian historical consciousness, Kosova is connected with two battles in the years 1389 and 1448 with Serbia. In the battle on the Kosova fought not only the Serbs, but all nations of the Balkans.

On 12 century, the Serbs came under the dynasty of the Nemajiden - a Serbian king who would install the Serbian Orthodox Church. As the first king, began Stephan II. His brother Sava (monk) became first Serbian archbishop of the independent Serbian National Church. From their points of view, Kosova was "the church center of the Serbian realm" and/or "the cradle of Serbia"

The churches in Kosova are not Serbian. Archaeological and historical sources show that the churches were the churches of the Illyrians - Albanians. They are estimated by Serbs as Serbian cultural property.

“All attempts by Balkan Christians to win over the Albanians to the common struggle against the Ottoman Empire and for the aim of national liberation and modernization of their societies were fruitless. At the beginning of the Great Eastern Crisis Albanians were at the forefront of the Turkish regular, and particularly irregular troops (bashibozuk) and committed numerous atrocities in battles against the Christian rebels. During the crisis the Albanians did not join the liberation movements of the Balkan Christians in any way.
It is completely clear that the birth of the Albanian league in 1878 and its political program were not an expression of Albanian original liberation efforts, which anyhow were late in coming compared to other peoples. The league was an instrument, primarily in Turkish hands, and later in the hands of other powers, for the preservation of the Ottoman Empire. The Albanian central revolutionary committee (Abdul Frasheri, Pashko Vaso, Sami Frasheri, Zija Prishtina, Jani Vreto and others) was founded in April 1878 in Istanbul and its was to organize Albanian popular resistance to the liberation actions in Montenegro, Serbia and Greece.”


Gjergj Kastrioti, born in the year 1404, is the founder of the Albanian nation?. He is the Albanian national hero, a man, who had never more than some thousands, not even war-experienced men under his instructions by a number often the ten and twenty fold superior could resist victoriously 24 years against Turkish armies. Europe trembles completely with the inexorable victory run of the Ottoman Califon, and in a remote ground connection angle smash all efforts otherwise of the undefeatable at the iron will of a man, who makes with a view his soldier heroes.

He fought for Christianity and was betrayed by your ancestors in the common fight against the turks.

When the end of the Ottoman rule was approaching on the Balkans, the Serbs began themselves with the goal to organize and establish their own national states. The center mobilizing idea with the Serbs was the "revenge for Kosova". The national ideology justified thereby that the areas "lost in battleground" on 12 and 15 century should recovered in the same way. (that is Dardania=Kosova=”old Serbia” to you).

In 1878 the political mobilization of the Albanians with emergence of the league of Prizren, which had the goal to combine all Albanian settled territories on the Balkans. The Albanian people (Catholic, Orthodox and Muslim= The Albanian religion is that of being Albanian) fought the neighbor states against the separation of Albanian settlement areas and against their connection at Serbia, Montenegro and Greece.
On 28 November 1912, in the city of Vlorë (Albania) was proclaimed an independent Albanian State and also generally recognized soon thereafter. It was a trunk Albania, and the ethnical criteria did not play the most important role with the fixing of the boundaries at the conference of Ambassadors in London 1912/13. The interests of the great powers at that time were crucial (Rusia was a major player). Therfore, the Albanian lands were given to the Slavs and the Albanian state covered only about half of the regions on the Balkan. As a result more than 50% of the Albanian population remaining outside of the borders of the new National State. Kosova became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia by force. This was not accepted by the Albanians as their state, but regarded to it as colonial state. The procedure of the Serbs against the Albanian people in Kosova in the year 1912-1915 was brutal. At that time 22 100 Albanians disappeared, 6 000 houses were set in flames, it gave permanent investigations and persecution.

During the Second World War the Albanians tried to split off the kingdom of Yugoslavia, but they were however unsuccessful. At the end of the war (1945) there was a massacre of 5.000 Albanian. On 10 July 1945 took place under Serbian military administration the so-called "meeting of Prizren". The 142 participants (78 Serbs and Montenegrins and 33 Albanians) decided the combination of Kosova "under military, police and psychological pressure" of Serbia. The Albanians, who rejected this step in the meeting, had to pay later with their life or ended into Serbian prisons.
After efforts and condition amending for many years in the years 1968, 1969 and 1971, Kosova became by the Federal Constitution of 1974, as constitutional element of the Yugoslav federation. On a federal level, it had thus the same status and the same rights as the republics. Kosova had its existence, its borders, and its organs guaranteed by the Federal Constitution of Yugoslavia. Kosova could directly carry out the Federals law from own organs and with constitutional amendments even had an absolute right to exercise a veto. The only thing that was missing for Kosova, was the designation as a "state" in the Constitution.
Middle of the eighties dipped the stream of "Serbian question" up, which had a recentralization as a goal. In a memorandum of the Serbian academy from the year 1986, the Serbs maintained a discrimination of Serbia within the Yugoslav federation. One of the discrimination reasons was the arrangement of Kosova with a territorial autonomy after the Federal Constitution of 1974. The Serbs regarded the constitution of 1974 as an attenuation of the Serbian position and therefore as injustice. With the ascent of Slobodan Milosevic began the re-establishment of the "integrity" of Serbia, i.e. the "regaining" of the complete rule over the Kosova.
To restore this "integrity", the goal was of the Federal Constitution novella of 1988. So the change in the relationship republic to the autonomous provinces in the Serbian constitution, for which the agreement of the parliaments of the provinces was necessary, it could be implemented only after solid pressure against the selected representatives of the provinces, Kosova and Vojvodina. This constitutional amendment was rejected by the Kosovar Albanians and it gave demonstrations in Kosova. Additionally after proclaiming the state of emergency mass arrests were led. Representatives of Kosova were forced to the resignation and replaced by politicians, faithful to the Milosevic.
After the autonomy was waived by obligation, 114 Albanian delegates of the parliament called on in addition the independence of Kosova on 2 July 1990, in a "bill of rights", as equal unit within the Yugoslav federation with the same constitutional to insure the status as the other republics. Than, in counter reaction Serbia dissolved on 13 July the parliament of the Kosova, set the government off and furnished a special administration. On these bases, occupational politics was undertaken. On 7 September, it was proclaimed by Albanian delegates of the dissolved parliament by Serbia, the independence and the constitution of Kaçanik was released. The Albanians develops an underground state with own institutions again. In May 1990 took place the parliamentary elections. The today's president of Kosova, was elected at that time also as a president of the Republic of Kosova.
Serbia never gives up the oath "the heart of Serbia". The Albanians were called again and again of Serbia as minority. The Serbian line of argumentation read that "the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Serbia are defined in accordance with their constitutions as state of equal citizens". In your opinion was guaranteed the minority rights. In the eyes of the Serbian leadership, the Albanian political leadership was "manipulated", which boycotted the Serbian political system by the "illegal" referendum. Behind this argumentation stood not only the regime of Milosevic, but all political forces in Serbia - "Kosova were a substantial part of the Republic of Serbia and it would remain always like this. Furthermore, it is the cradle of the Serbian state, one of the oldest states of Europe, and the origin of the Serbian culture and the Serbian Orthodoxy." By the way you should find your origin somewhere from the land between the Danube and the Carpathian mountains or from the Caucasus . That’s were the origin of the Serbs is.

After efforts for many years of the Kosovar leadership, to solve the Kosova question with peaceful means, and the missing treatment in the Dayton - agreement (1995) no notice was taken. In the year 1998 the situation in Kosova escalated. The Serbian police, army and the Paramilitary forces began to remove the whole people by mass murder from their homeland.
After the failure of the endeavor around a political solution, the question remained, to stopping those continuous systematic murders and the ethnical driving out. After NATO threatened in the autumn of the year 1998 with air raids, the UN Security Council had already for seizure of coercive measures in accordance with Chap. VII of the security council of the united nations by a predictable veto of Russia and Chinas[43 ] however was blocked. Although, in the resolution of 1203 v. 24. 10. already in 1998, a threat of the international peace determined, were in the middle of March 1999 only one question was open: NATO will notice its threats or will withdraw, in order to win time for new mediation efforts, while however the time for the victims in the Kosova had for long run off. On 24 March begun the air raids of the NATO. NATO countries are not Muslim countries just so that you know.

As far as the Albanians from Albania and the Albanians from the Kosova go, they have never been closer together as people thanks to the Serbian genocide during 1998-1999.

Faruki

PS This a very general history of Kosova i am sure Chris can offer something more specific

Chris Blaku said...

Very good work Faruk. I will begin by answering to the comments, claims, and questions that Mirjana presented.

You will find Mirjana merely plagerized most of her information from other bias nationalistic resources, one of them being

http://www.kosovo.com/terzic2.html

As for my reply, it goes as follows:

A uniform curriculum for all Albanian pupils and students, regardless of the illegal
barriers they are forced to acknowledge, is an obvious outcome of an illegitimate
breakup of ancient borders. Albanians in Macedonia make it a point to fly Albanian flags,
because, get this... THEY ARE ALBANIANS.

Mirjana claims that there is no such thing as homogeneous Albanians, which is a widely
circulated theory amongst Serbian and Greek historians, yet easily discarded among the
respected international historians. These are the same group of historians that once clamied
a blood linkage to ancient Illyrians, which is a line proven to belong to the modern day
Albanians. Moreover, she goes on to claim that Albanians are comprised
of different ethnic groups, and the truth is rather different. Albanians are comprised of
different groups within the same ethnic makeup. She claims first that Catholocism, Orthodoxy,
and Islam as the gap between the supposed ethnic divide in Albanians, however, the generally accepted
reality is that religion has never, and is never, considered as an obstacle to a mutual ethnic
makeup (i.e. Catholic and Protestant Germans, or to a more extreme degree, Muslim and Christian
Lebanese, are still Lebanese, despite obvious differences, differences more apparent than in the Albanian
example). Mirjana also neglects to mention a more substantial part of the Albanian population,
the Orthodox population, who have produced some of the most influential thinkers of the Albanian
world, such as Monsignor Fan Noli, former Prime Minister of Albania.

As to the notion that Geg and Tosk represent two distinct linguistic bridges, that is an idea
that most international linguists wouldn't consider. Geg and Tosk dialects are separated by the Shkumbin River,
roughly, running south of Tirana, these two forms of Albanian have diverged for thousands of years.
In years past, due to the rough Albanian terrain, it became near impossible for the two dialects to
mingle as they do today, which lead to a more pronounced difference in the spoken language. However,
as any novice linguist will be able to tell you, they both bear the same makeup in terms of structure.
Furthermore, it is remarkably easy for a Geg and Tosk to communicate, despite the languages diverging
into their respective geographic features for over a thousand years.

The average opinion of Kosovars, Tosks, Gegs, or any other subsection of Albanian geographic culture
has absolutely no bearing on this argument. If taken in this context, then Mirjana's ridiculous
argument would give base to reason for the South to have detatched from the Union in the U.S. Civil
War, as they detested each other and spoke different forms of the same language. Moreover, as any
New Yorker will acknowledge, there is nothing we detest more than a Jersey accent or a driver, yet
we are still able to consider them Americans. So that simple and baseless argument can be discarded
and forgotten from this point forward.

The next argument lies with the obvious tactic of "divide and conquer." It is clear that by attempting
to take advantage of the normal animosity of different geographic regions towards each other, Serbia
wishes to diminish the strength and unity of the Albanian people. The vast majority of Albanians acknowledge
the ethnic borders present in the Balkans, and any chimp would be able to tell you that they clearly
ignore the clear genetic and ethnic makeup of the region.

The Albanian King Zog did repress the nationalists of Kosova, but only because he cut a deal with the
Yugoslav Government at the time. When Zog was removed from power by the movement of Fan Noli, aided
by the Kosovars, Malesors, and Tosks alike, Zog realized that beyond his mountain town of Mati, his
resources had dwindled. He then sought the help of longtime rival, the Government of Yugoslavia, in
removing a mutual enemy. Yugoslavia realized that Noli's nationalist aspirations would be realized
through his intelligence (he single handedly turned Albania's national debt into a surplus in 1924),
and knew that Zog presented the perfect puppet-leader in Albania. They had learned the Ottoman
example of installing Albanian rulers that paid homage to their sponsor state with Esad Pasha, who is
known as a traitor to the Albanians and a Friend of the Serbian State in Serbia. They aided Zog in
invading Yugoslavia in 1924, and in return were promised land in Vermosh, Shkoder, Diber and Gjakova.
They did however, underestimate the cunning of the young Zog, who at age 19, met with a legion of
foreign delegates representing the Great Powers, and by age 21, was in command of the powerful armed
irregulars of the Mati district in Northern Albania. Zog reneged on the deal, which lead Yugoslavia to
forcefully apprehend districts in Diber, hence the split between the city present today, and aim their
guns at Shkoder indefinitely. Periods of invasions into Shkoder were rampant from that point forward,
with dozens happening from 1924 to the Italian invasion of Albania. It should also be noted that Serbia
invaded Albania, regularly and irregularly, dozens of times, and in 1921, they invaded and captured Tirana
before being forced by the League of Nations, who had just recognized Albania's national integrity in 1920,
to withdraw. Serbia's tactic was to realize their capture of the capital, then present the international
community with the accomplished fact. There were two reasons for Zog's suppression of the Kosovar movement,
including the murder of Kosovar Hasan Prishtina, Tropojan Bajram Curri, and Shkodran Luigj Gurakuqi. Reason
one, they lead the revolt against his government under Monsingor Fan Noli, and two, he was forced to do so
under a deal with the Yugoslavs. However nationalistic his interests may have seemed, Noli's further pursuit
of Kosova and the true ethnic borders of Albania, may have lead to the demise of the tiny Albanian state
prematurely. Therefore, his actions must be regarded with the notion that he was out for personal gain first,
and national gain second. Which means that he did not feel the suggested moral will that Mirjana claims,
but rather did what he needed to do to secure power, just like any other King or Queen.

Moving forward, The Albanian League of Prizren, assembled in 1878, originally bore the goal of gaining rights
within the Ottoman Empire, not detatching itself from them. It is imperative to note the complexity of the
challenges with which the league was immediately presented with. Despite constantly being labeled as simple
mountaineers, there were numerous intellectual Albanian minds within the group. Rigid mountain conditions
prompted long term isolation among their brethren, however, the Albanians were amazingly able to overcome
this difficulty and work in tandem with each other. Moreover, the majority of Catholic Gegs and Orthodox Tosks,
as well as Kosovars and Shkodrans alike, put aside geographical differences with impunity and elected Avdyl
Frasheri, brother of Naim Frasheri, a dervish from the South, as head of the League. It is nothing short of
admirable that the Albanians, in a state of oppression, were able to do what many people cannot do today,
cherish the differences that make them unique, but at the same time worship the link that conjoined them,
a common language, blood and ancestry. In regards to the historical blunder that we may call Serbia's claim
that the League conspired against their state to forcefully occupy land belonging to them, it goes without
saying, that the League was created with the defense of historic Albanian interests in mind. Constantly on
the defensive from Greek, Serb, Montenegrin and Turk aggressors, the League was preoccupied with the defense
of occupied cities to worry about political engineering and manipulating historical claims, which the Serbians
and Montenegrins, were particulary good at with their Russian allies. To claim that the concept of a "Greater"
Albania did not appear until the 19th century is simply false, as Vatican documents readily show that during
the 15th to 18th centuries, the Albanians strongly appealed for aid from Catholic Europe in defending what is
clearly referred to as Albania, and conquering the Islamic onslaught originating from Europe. This, however,
cannot be said of Serbia's history with regard to rebellion of the Ottomans, which in fact was near non-existent,
which will be mentioned further upon a more detailed explanation of the activities of the League.

Upon the Ottoman Empire's defeat at the hands of the Russians, came the treaty of San Stefano. This lead to the
forceful occupation of lands inhabited by Albanians within the Ottoman Empire. The League bravely intervened, and
in the battle of Ulqin was assaulted by the World. They faced the Serbian and Montenegrin armies to the north, and
were attacked by the Ottoman army, with troops numbering no less than eight batallions, as well as being bombed into
submission by seventeen war vessels belonging to the Great Powers. After six months of intense fighting, the
Albanians were compelled to hand over the town to the Montenegrins, who wasted no time in its pillage and plunder.
The defense of Albanian towns under the control of illegally occupying forces was overwhelming for the League,
which was surrounded by enemies in all angles.

Miljana claims that Albanians, unlike other Balkan nations, refrained from creating a national state through
modern political oragnizatins, and cites Serbia, Greece, Bulgaria and Romania as examples. However, she neglects
to mention that modern historians agree that without Russian interference in Serbian and Bulgarian affairs, the
rule of the Ottoman Empire might still be valid today. She also neglects to mention that, through cleverly falsified
history, the Greeks were the crown jewel of Great Powers Great Britian and France. Their ancient, largely falsified,
history was prized and cherished among these misinformed nations, and their cause was put at the forefront of their
foreign policy towards the Balkans. The Albanians however, receieved no help or support from the outside world, as
they shared no blood linkage with any great power, nor neglected to distort their history to the admiration of the
outside world as the Greeks did. The "expansionist movement" of the Albanians did not exist, as any admired historian
will testify to, it is merely an expression used by Serbians to justify the population structure of Kosova.

It is important to note the contradiction presented by Mirjana's argument, among many, that stands out. At first she
claims that Kosovars are derived from a different blood line than the Albanians of Albania, although later mentioning
that the population irregularities of Serbs and Albanians in Kosova is attributed to the mass expansion of Albanians
under a mythical prized status under the Ottomans, from Northern Albania into Kosova. She cannot have it both ways,
although historical documents prove both of these fairy tales to be false. Kosovars blood line is proven to descend from
the Dardanian tribe of Illyrians, who are collectively the ancestors of the Albanian people. Moreover, any mass expansion
of Albanians would have been documented by Ottoman historians, who kept extensive records on the population in the province,
due to its important mineral resources. The mass expansion claimed to have occurred with the Serbs earlier is also false, as
records recollect the existence of any mass immigration of the Serbs out of Kosova, nor any existence of a mass movement of
Albanians into Kosova.

The severely misplaced idea that Albanians possessed a privaledged citizenship under Ottoman rule is simplistic in judgment
to an empire that was more complex in nature. In reality, the Serbian people, and Serbian Orthodox church, were given
above standard treatment within the Ottoman Empire. As a matter of fact, the Patriarch of Peja, was recognized as autonomous
by the Porte and given jurisdiction over all Christians in Kosova. This lead to extensive persecution of Catholic Albanians
under the Serbian Orthodox Church. Andre Bogdani, the chief Priest in Shkup, sent a letter to Venice claiming that the main
persecution of Catholics in the region was at the hands of the Orthodox peoples, with approval from the Porte. Albanians were
the chief target of recruitment among Turkish forces, prized for their physical prowess and fighting ability.

It is noteworthy that Mirjana is attempting to portray the Albanians as against the Christian movement, when the roles were
actually reversed. During the battle of Kosova, which the Christians of the Balkans lost due to a Serbian defection to the
Ottoman Side at a crucial point in the battle, Knez Lazar was killed in battle by the Turkish Sultan, Murat I. Their
respective heirs were startingly well received among each other, and Lazar's son, Stefan, married his sister off to current
Sultan Beyazit I, son of Murat I. Olivera was a prized wife of the Sultan, who went as far as to resist her conversation to
Islam, as was custmoary. This cooperation lead to the defeat of the Catholics under King Sigmondson of Hungary on the
Danube in the Battle of Nikopolis in 1395. Only 6 years after their supposed heroic fight for Christianity and Serbia,
the Serbian fighters had no worries about defecting to the Ottoman Side under Stefan and Beyazit, and crushing the crusade
called upon by Pope Bonafice. Furthermore, a second battle of Kosova during the reign of Gjergj Kastrioti (Skenderbeu), may
have brought about significant change had the Serbians become involved. As relations between the Porte and the Serbian
noblemen dwindled(Serbia ceased to become a kingdom upon Stefan Dusan's death in 1355, over a hundred years earlier), King
Sigmondson of Hungary lead a large group of soldiers to battle near the same sight of Lazar's defeat decades earlier.
Gjergj Kastrioti promised a contingent of 25,000 Albanian soldiers to aid the Christians in their fight against the Turks,
however he was preoccupied with a battle against Venetians in northern Albania and arrived late. It is imperative to note,
that Stefan's descendants clued the Ottoman Sultan in on the approach of the Catholic troops, as well as on the help offered
by Gjergj Kastrioti. It may be assumed that his preoccupation may have altered the course of Balkan history, being that the
Catholic-Ottoman battle lasted three days, it would mean the battle was pretty even. A contingent of 25,000 Albanians may
have changed the course of history, had it not been for Venetian aggression, however the interference Christian Serbs would
have surely had more of an impact. The refusal of the Serbians to assist Christianity, yet again, in abolishing the Islamic
invaders from the Balkans, had again, impacted the course of history negatively.

There is further misconception presented within Mirjana's argument as to the Pan Islamic nature of the Albanian movement.
Many of the founding members of the Albanian National Movement, as well as its most heroic fighters, were not Muslims. As a
matter of fact, with regard to the proportional population, a surprisingly large number of them were Catholics and Orthodox
Christians. When claiming that hordes of Northern Albanians descended on the plains of Kosova to bring with them a supposed
militant form of Islam, she ignores the blatant religious makeup of Northern Albania, which in the mountains, is
overwhelmingly Catholic, with tiny parts of Malesia, converting to Islam in the latter years time of the Empire.

The ideas of Georg Stadtmuller have long been overwhelmed by a more well represented history of the Albanians and their
lineage. Enver Hoxha, particuarly nationalistic and brutal in his beliefs, resisted any form of assimilation with foreigners,
particularly Serbs, and Tito made no claim of this taking place. On the other hand, forceful assimilation was taking place
in Montenegro, Kosova, Macedonia, and Greece. The Albanian language was rejected, despite millions of inhabitants speaking it,
in one of the most blatant rejection of civil rights in the history of Europe. It should be noted that in the 20's, millions
of Albanians were deported by Serbians and Greeks in a conjoined effort with Turkey to achieve national praise for their work.
The Greeks deported Muslim Albanians to Turkey, claiming they were Turks that were left over from the Ottoman years, and also
killed and drive the rest into Albania. The Orthodox Albanians were forcefully removed and sent to Eastern Greece, where a
rigid process of Hellenization took place. The Serbians deported an unspecified number of Albanians in the 20's, and roughly
one million in the 60's in order to inflate the presence of Serbians in the province. This population inflation would be
necessary for them to justify the historical inaccuracies which they created through their false history. The Serbians also
drive hundreds of thousands of Albanians into Kosova from present-day Southern Serbia, as inhabitants were the majority in
towns as north as Nis. A British diplomat in visiting the region claimed that no less than 25,000 Albanians had been killed
in 1913, and we can assume that number to be conservative given the attitude and nonchalant indications of the massacre of
women and children in village fires.

It is here we will discuss the idea of "Old Serbia," which is an idea that has caused the decay of one of the oldest regions
of Europe, the Balkans. During the Nemandji dynasty, the reign of Stefan Dusan gave the Serbian kingdom rule over nearly all
of the Balkans. Upon his death in 1355, it took the Serbians only 9 years to destroy what was left of his kingdom, and the
kingdom of Serbia ceased to exist from them on forward. Prior to this however, the Serbian nucleus which was to become the
kingdom of Serbia is insisted by Serbians to have been created in Kosova, when international historians agree it occurred
north of Kosova, in Rascia. Moreover, the location of the Patriarch of Peja in Kosova was purely by chance, as its original
home within modern Serbia was burned down. A large portion of the churches in Kosova are built by Albanian Catholics and
Orthodox Christians, who were numerous in number due to Byzantine Greek and Nemanjdi Serbian assimilation. There is a pecular
instance in Serbian history which they cannot explain, when under Ottoman control, census figures clearly show an almost
complete Albanian minority in Western Kosova, and a substantial majority in Eastern Kosova. The Serbian argument is that upon
the Ottoman conquer, the Muslim Albanians of Northern Albania moved en masse to the plains of Kosova, which lead to a more
pronounecd presence of Albanians in that region. However, Ottoman records make no note of any such movement, much less a
movement that profound. The reality is that prior to the Ottoman invasion, Slavization was in full swing in Kosova among
the Albanians, as is evident in the names. For example, Serbian census was based on names, therefore anyone with a Serbian
name was counted as a Serb. Being that the region was under Slavization, it would be normal for an Albanian man to bear a
Serbian name. However, upon further investigation, even in Serbian documents, it can be found that an absolute majority of
these names bore Albanian names when referring to their fathers, ie Vlado son of Gjon (Vlado, biri i Gjonit). Therefore,
taking into account reasonable arguments, it can be presumed that the Albanians were always the majority in the region, and
according to recent findings on Albanian-Illyrian linkage, it can also be safely said that these very same Albanians were
the original inhabitants of the region, and share the direct homogeneous characteristics. Furthermore, linguists agree that
nearly a third of the Albanian language is derived directly from the Ancient Language of the Illyrians.

It should be important to note that according to countless accounts of foreign soldiers within Albania's borders have bore
witness to Serbian and Greek soldiers removing Illyrian artifacts, artifacts whose historical value is priceless, and
replacing them with cleverly devised Greek and Serbian relics, with obvious political goals in mind.

The Slavic and Greek population within Albania is not overlooked, as they enjoy rights far beyond what the Albanians inside
Yugoslav and Greek borders were exposed to.

Neither in the 18th century, nor the early 20th century, nor the 12th century were the Serbians EVER a majority within Kosova.
This is a fact that is indisputable due to the characteristics of the people, the geographical makeup of the region, as well
as the historical circumstances surrounding its inhabitants. It is a fact that during the occupation of Albanian lands after
1878 and 1913, millions of Albanians were pushed into regions such as Kosova and Southern Albania. It does not take a rocket
scientist to acknowledge that a certain degree of mystery lies within Albania's population and its whereabouts. With such a
historically high birthrate, what happened to the population of a nation that was as populated as France prior to its Ottoman
conquest?

To suggest that the Albanians, who enjoyed particularly disturbing circumstances under Ottoman rule, were able to pull one
off among the more privaledged Serbians is a gross error in history. The oppression of the Albanians under the Ottomans,
particularly after the rule of Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent may be categorized as barbaric. There was a certain degree of
animosity involved with portraying the Albanians inside of affluent Ottoman circles. As Ottoman history rigidly states, nearly
every year they would lose a pasha (Ottoman General) at the hands of the rebellious Albanians. Moreover, two Turkish Sultans
lost their lives in Albanian borders and at Albanian hands. The successful rebellion of Gjergj Kastrioti was never forgiven
by the Ottomans, particularly because it displayed Albanian and Christian strength and ridiculous the Muslim conquerers.

As any student of Ottoman history will tell you, until the conquer of Mecca by the Ottomans, Islamic law was not readily applied
nor given priority to the rule of civilized behavior. It is here that the point must be made in emphasizing the upstanding
quality of life the Serbian Orthodox inhabitants of the Ottoman Empire were exposed to. Fines were half for Christians, but
levied taxes were higher. Serbians enjoyed separate rule for the majority of their time under the Ottomans, and the Nemanjdi
dynasty died off with the end of vassalage (local rulers that paid tribute to the Sultan) in the Empire. The Ottomans, in
forcing the Albanians into a quasi-peaceful submission, took advantage of the laws within the Kanun of Lek Dukagjini,
the thousands-year-old code of law worshipped with vigor by the rebellious mountanieers of Northern and part of Central
Albania. The Kanun of Gjergj Kastrioti was more widely circulated among the Central and Southern Albanians, however, in
essence the codes were the same. By taking advantage of blood vengance (avenging the death of a member of the family by
killing any male member of the other family), the Turks were successful in preoccupying the Albanians with blood fueds.

The Serbians on the other hand, had their noblemen assimilated and wiped clean from the Earth willingly, due to the marrying
of Serbian princesses with Ottoman Sultans, Grand Viziers and Pashas, in attempts to gain larger autonomy and political
influence within the sphere of Ottoman rule. The Albanians, according to their rule of law in the Kanun, rejected intermarriage
and maintained their structured clan leadership throughout the majority of Ottoman rule. The mountains of Malesia, including
such vigorously defended towns such as Kelmend, known as the four corners of death in Ottoman Army circles, never realized
the scope of Turkish conquerers, as they were able to successfully fend them off for five centuries. The tribes of Mirdita
were also successful in their defenses, and were able to contain pure Albanian culture predating Ottoman rule. These areas
were able to maintain their religious identities and did not pay taxes to the Sultan, but did offer annual tributes in order
to fend off troubles from local Pashas in Shkoder who were jealous of their refusal to bow to the Sultan's will.

The Orthodox Churches in Kosova, those that are Serbian, were built during and after the rule of the Nemandji's, in which the
Serbians were in control of the province to a degree. However inaccurate the Serbians claim the Albanians population figures
to be, the irreputable fact remains that the Patriarch of Pej hardly ever resided in Peja, but often chose to live closer to
Belgrade, it can be assumed, among Serbians rather than Albanians. The Serbians must also answer why, if these churches are
indeed Serbians, and if the Albanians are indeed barbaric in nature, why the Holy Orthodox Church sites of Kosova have never
been destroyed, despite Kosova having been under Albanian control indirectly through the Ottomans, as it is claimed. The reality
is that these churches, whether they are Serbian or Albanian, were protected by the Albanians due to the people's sense of
hospitality and tolerance for its neighbors, a trait which the Serbians do not share.

"They were basically a consequence of the conflict between the Islamic Ottoman-feudal concept on the one hand, and the
European Christian concept of society on the other hand." With this being said, the idea was to attribute Albanians to Ottoman
rule, and to attribute Serbian expansion with civilized European qualities, which would be a grossly inaccurate assessment.
The very fact of the matter is, during the Albanian uprisings in 1878, 1897, and 1912, Serbians were not only allies but also
encouraged the Albanians to revolt against the Turks. The degree of respect portrayed by Albanian commanders such as Isa
Boletini, Idriz Seferi and Hasan Prishtina towards the Serbian inhabitants of the province prior to Serb conquest of the
region is startling. It has been stated in documents of foreigners that accompanied the fighters (who were branded Muslim
terrorists, anti-christians and a grossly incompetent people, very similar to the way Serbia describes Albanians today), that
the penalty for ransacking a Serbian home while under the command of Idriz Seferi was death. Civil disobediance against the
tiny Serb population was intolerable by the very same individuals that Serbia would target, and ultimately kill. It should be
made apparent that Serbia, Montenegro and Greece armed the Albanian irregulars in their fight against the Ottomans. However
righteous this facade may seem, the true intentions of the neighboring nations was not immediately obvious to the more
sincere and honorable Albanian fighters, who believed this to be a gesture of good will to a neighbor, as they were accustomed
to in their traditions. Upon the Albanians disposing of the Ottoman forces in Shkoder, armed well by Krajl Nikola of Montenegro,
the Montenegrin regular army followed the tracks of the retreating Ottoman army, and began to pillage and plunder Albanian
villages and attack the irregular army of Albanians that were armed by the very same nation only days prior. The same went in
Kosova, north of Kosova and in the surrounding regions by the Serbian forces. The Greeks, acting as if on command, attacked
the town Gjirokastr with particular ferocity. It has been documented by British diplomants in testimoy that Greek "irregulars"
were using army-issue rifles and weaponry, and the British demanded an inquiry be made as to the whereabouts of the prisoners
that were jailed on the island of Crete. It was apparent that the Greeks had emptied the jail and armed the inmates to unleash
upon the innocent Albanian population in southern Albania. A British general visiting Gjirokastr exclaimed that the civilized
Greeks he had learned to respect were responsible for the burning of hundreds of villages, and in Gjirokastr itself, he
encountered hundreds of nude bodies of raped, strangled women, and decapitated babies. The Montenegrin prince and the Serbian
kingdom were in a race to see who could capture the ultimate trophy first, the mineral rich province of Kosova, a province whose
historical importance to the Serbian people had been falsely built up as the reason for these illegal actions. In
international conferences, the Albanians were portrayed as mountaineers, incapable of self governance, and the Serbo-Montegrin
and Greek acts of brutality were portrayed as civilized nations extending their wisdom to barbarians.

The inaccurate population figures of the towns in Kosova is shown to be false by countless further historical documents that
show the town of Nis to have an Albanian majority, and the only town in Kosova to have ever contained more than 10% Serbians
prior to 1913 was Mitrovica. These falsified figures were provided by the Serbian Government, which dealt these numbers to
the world all the while deporting millions of Albanians from regions it illegally acquired through international pressure
applied by their chief ally, Russia.

The presence of Bosnian land owners in the meetings of the League of Prizren can be either put aside as false, or even if
proven true, can be equated to power hungry land owners intent in turning a profit in the event of a desertion of Albanian
lands by the Ottomans.

The reality is, the Albanians have shown more of a willingness than any people in the Balkans, to coexist and live peacefully
among their neighbors. The arrogance and barbarity of the Serbians, a nation which has produced more facists and barbarians,
than any on Earth is readily obvious. However, the simplicity applied when observing Balkan historical events often blurs
the line between fantasy and reality, and modern day bias must be disregarded if one is intent on learning the actual historial
events of the Balkans. The Serbians have proven that their very sense of nationalism is destructive and their state is in the
process of being whithered away, as it expanded and was built on the blood and remains of Albanians, whose voice and account
has never been heard, but merely stored away and regarded as fantasy. The Western embrace of Greco-Serbian Orthodox history
is premature, and within the next few decades, Greco-Serbian falsifications will be brought to justice, and the prime
inhabitants of the Balkans, the Albanians, will bear the fruit of the sacrifices of their ancestors and the hands of the very
worst injustice the world has never known.

Chris Blaku said...

By the way, one of the founding fathers of the Albanian National Movement, which Mirjana claims to be Pan Islamic in nature, was Pashko Vaso, a Catholic from Shkoder.

Chris Blaku said...

CORRECTION-----------------------


There is a pecular
instance in Serbian history which they cannot explain, when under Ottoman control, census figures clearly show an almost
complete Albanian MAJORITY in Western Kosova, and a substantial majority in Eastern Kosova. The Serbian argument is that upon
the Ottoman conquer, the Muslim Albanians of Northern Albania moved en masse to the plains of Kosova, which lead to a more
pronounecd presence of Albanians in that region.

Anonymous said...

Geez, thanks for the huge effort Chris! Much appreciated... (saved this one on my pc)

Great having someone debunk the serbian lies, which have gone unchallenged for too long.

Keep up the great work

Tosi
Sweden

Chris Blaku said...

Thanks Tosi,

Mirjana only copied that entire link, but I figured I would respond to the Serbian Government's portrayal of history directly. I would have gotten more in depth, but that would require finding a publisher or something.